Google Doodle: Anna Mani 104th Birthday | The Weather Woman of India

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Today’s Doodle celebrates what would have been the 104th birthday of Anna Mani, an Indian Meteorologist and physicist also called as “The Weather Woman of India”.

Anna Mani

Chennai: Anna Mani (23 August 1918 – 16 August 2001): Anna Mani Is One of India’s Greatest Woman Scientists. Anna Mani (Kerala) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist who retired as the Deputy Director General of the Indian Meteorological Department. Google Celeberates Anna Mani’s 104th Birthday with sepecial doodle today.

Born23 August 1918, Peermade, Kerala
Died16 August 2001 (aged 82), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Scientific career
EducationFASc, FNA, Ph.D. (submitted 1945, Madras)
FieldsMeteorology, Physics
InstitutionsIndian Meteorological Department, Pune and Raman Research Institute, Bangalore

Anna Mani’s Contribution

Anna Mani: The Pioneer Indian Meteorologist. She made several contributions to the field like…

  • Meteorological instrumentation,
  • Conducted research
  • Published numerous papers on solar radiation,
  • Ozone and
  • Wind energy measurements

My being a woman had absolutely no bearing on what I chose to do with my life.

Anna Mani

Anna Mani’s Work

  • The only woman scientist to work with C.V. Raman, is well known for her work in atmospheric physics and instrumentation.
  • She contributed to the study of radiation, ozone and atmospheric electricity, both on the surface and in the upper air using special sounding techniques.
  • Joining the India Meteorological Department in 1948 she rose to become the Deputy Director General of Observatories in Delhi.

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Anna Mani’s Life

  • Anna Mani grew up in a prosperous family in the state of Travancore, a former princely state in the Southern part of India, now part of Kerala.
  • Born in 1918, she was the seventh of eight siblings. 
  • Anna Mani’s father was a civil engineer with large cardamom estates to his name.
  • The family belonged to the ancient Syrian Christian church; however her father remained an agnostic throughout his life.
  • The Mani family was a typical upper-class professional household where from childhood the male children were groomed for high-level careers, whereas the daughters were primed for marriage.
  • Anna Mani started her research career at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru

Interest in books

  • By the age of eight, she had read almost all the books in Malayalam at her public library and,
  • By the time she was twelve, all the books in English.
  • On her eighth birthday she declined to accept her family’s customary gift of a set of diamond earrings, opting instead for a set of Encyclopedia Britannica.
  • The world of books opened her to new ideas and imbued in her a deep sense of social justice which informed and shaped her life.

The World Meteorological Organization remembered her on 100 birth anniversary and published her life profile along with Anna interview.

World Meteorological Organization

The Weather Woman of India

Anna Mani started her research career at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru under the supervision of Nobel Laureate Sir C. V. Raman. The physicist and meteorologist, who was born on this date a century ago, is also known as the ‘weather woman of India’.

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