Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation.
Google pays tribute to Indian mathematician and physicist Satyendra Nath Bose with an artistic doodle. The doodle featured Bose performing an experiment. On this day in 1924, Bose sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein, who termed it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.
Satyendra Nath Bose was born on January 1, 1894 in Kolkata, India. Today’s Doodle features Bose and his invention along with Einstein in action on what would be on this day. This Doodle’s Reach. This day in history.
Celebrating Satyendra Nath Bose: Today’s Google Doodle celebrates Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose and his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate. On this day in 1924, he sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein who immediately recognized it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.
Who is the father of quantum statistics?
S. N. Bose founded quantum statistics in 1924 when he discovered a new way to derive Planck’s radiation law. Bose’s method was based on the argument that one photon of light is not distinguishable from another of the same color, which meant that a new way of counting particles was needed – Bose’s statistics.
S N Bose was known for “Bose–Einstein condensate Bose–Einstein statistics Bose–Einstein distribution Bose–Einstein correlations Bose gas Boson Ideal Bose Equation of State Photon gas”.
Bose-Einstein condensates were first predicted theoretically by Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974), an Indian physicist who also discovered the subatomic particle named for him, the boson.
Satyendranath Bose along with Meghnad Saha, established modern theoretical physics in India.
Satyendra Nath Bose was born into a middle class family on January 1, 1894 in British India’s capital city, Calcutta, Bengal Presidency.
In 1917, the university appointed C. V. Raman to the Palit Chair of Physics.
In 1919, Bose and Saha published English translations of Albert Einstein’s special and general relativity papers.
In 1921, Bose was appointed to the position of Reader in Physics at the University of Dhaka, which is now in Bangladesh.
S. N. Bose founded quantum statistics in 1924 when he discovered a new way to derive Planck’s radiation law.
Bose’s method was based on the argument that one photon of light is not distinguishable from another of the same color, which meant that a new way of counting particles was needed – Bose’s statistics.
Albert Einstein extended Bose’s argument to a wider range of phenomena. Nowadays, any particle that behaves in accordance with Bose’s statistics is classed as a boson, named in honor of Bose.
“I have ventured to send you the accompanying article for your perusal and opinion. I am anxious to know what you think of it. You will see that I have tried to deduce the coefficient 8πν2/c3 in Planck’s Law independent of the classical electrodynamics.”Satyendra Nath Bose
Bose’s paper is now recognized as one of the most important theoretical papers in the founding of quantum theory. In fact, Bose had founded an entire new field: quantum statistics.
In 1914, age 20, Bose married Ushabala Ghosh, a wealthy physician’s daughter, who was 11 years old. The marriage had been arranged by Bose’s mother. Bose would rather have married later, but went along with his mother’s wishes. He refused to accept a dowry. The couple had nine children, seven of whom survived to be adults – two sons and five daughters.
On my return to India, I wrote some papers. I did something on statistics and then again on relativity theory, a sort of mixture, a medley. They were not so important… I was like a comet, a comet which came once and never returned.Bose
In 1945, Bose returned to the University of Calcutta and taught there until 1956. In 1959, at age 65, he was given the honorary title of India’s National Professor. Later, as professor emeritus, he carried out nuclear physics research.
Satyendra Nath Bose died in Calcutta, India on February 4, 1974, age 80, of bronchial pneumonia.
In honor of Bose’s legacy, any particle that conforms with his statistics today is known as a boson. Many scientific breakthroughs have come from his work including the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.
Thank you Satyendra Nath Bose for revolutionizing the world of physics. Your discovery really shook up quantum mechanics!